Friday, November 25, 2011

Series of “No To Compulsory Recruitment” articles - Part 5: What's the Alternative? The Voluntary Recruiting System

We talked a lot about the disadvantages of the conscription system and about the damages it affects the army as well as the individuals as a a result of the country following this method which in reality belongs to the medieval ages… Here comes the importance of the a very crucial question, which is: what is the alternative? Because it’s not sensible to abolish recruitment and to be without an army, also it’s not sensible to bring another country to defend us… The alternative is the optional recruitment…

What is the system of the voluntary recruitment?
The optional recruitment (voluntary recruitment) is the system which the deveolped countries invented when they realized the negativities of conscription, countries such as the United States of America, Britain, France, Spain, Portugal and Arab countries such as Jordon, Morocco, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, Lebanon, Iraq… Not only those, there are more than 60 countries around the world abolished conscription and applied the system of voluntary recruitment and the rest of the countries are heading to that.

In the system of voluntary recruitment, the army consists of 2 sections (as any army in the world)…

1- The main army: graduates of militarist colleges. The army is their profession and the stay their whole lives in it, till they retire.
2- Volunteers (or the optionally recruited): They are the people who willingly came to serve in the army for the advantages which are provided by the army (their period of service is mostly 5 years and can be renewable).
Here comes a very important question: Why would they come to the army willingly? And here comes the role of the state to provide advantages to the volunteers of the army, providing good treatment and an appropriate climate inside the army to encourage citizens to volunteer.

Examples on Advantages
- Such as high salaries matching the difficulty of the military service and the risks the recruits face in the army.
- Such as, he is taught free of charge in any university after he finishes his military service (notice that education in most of the countries of the world cost very much and not all people can afford paying for that).
- Such as, the state gives him a discount on the gasoline he buys (gasoline in most of the countries isn’t supported by the government and cost people so much).
- Such as, all the countries stands beside this recruit, respecting and appreciating him. In any circumstance, the recruit finds all the officials standing beside him.
- Such as, the recruit sleeps in a clean place, in rooms with no more than 3 individuals, eats clean food, is treated well, he almost doesn’t spend from his own money inside the army camps, in other words, all his money is saved for him when he moves out.
- Such as, he has a good social security, he has health insurance and is treated by the expenses of the state, if he was injured or died, there are fair compensations.
As you see… Economic and social advantages… These advantages is able to convince many youth to volunteer in the army.

What are the advantages of that system?
First: You didn’t force anyone on anything, therefore the state respected the liberties of the individuals, so the result will be that individuals respect and appreciate their country.
Second: Recruits are coming willingly, so they would be more courageous in combating, they won’t pull back easily.
Third: The army instead of caring for the number it would concentrate all of its efforts on increasing the efficiency of the soldiers and to improve the weapons they have… That would be in favor of the army, because now the quality is more important than the quantity.
Fourth: The army doesn’t have an authority on civilians anymore and by that we would have preserved the idea of the civic state, we would have finished the military rule.
Fifth: The state won’t waste years of the lives of its youth, it would allow them to start establish themselves early and that would lead increase the gross national product and declining in prices.
Sixth: The recruit would spend more time in the army, he may renew his contract and continue in the army if he liked. That would benefit the army more.

Can this system be applied in Egypt? If so, would anyone volunteer?
1- It’s not sensible to say that the Egyptians are less patriotic than the Americans, the French, The British… Egyptians love their homeland and when a war erupts they go to volunteer in the army for no charge and history proves that, of course Egypt won’t have a shortage in volunteers… If there are many Egyptians who want to go fight for Palestine or Iraq, then how would we believe that Egyptians won’t go to volunteer for Egypt?
2- We see how people rush and race in order to join the militarist colleges… Why do people do so? Of course for the sake of the advantages of the militarist colleges… So, if we made advantages for the voluntary military service, for sure it would have demand as militarist colleges… Imagine if the army gave a salary of 2000 Egyptian pounds, for example, won’t it have volunteers from the Egyptian people that have from 6 to 10 million suffering unemployment and can’t find a job?

Won’t that harm the Egyptian army?
The other way around, it would strengthen the army… Because, on the side of those who would be recruited they would be loving combating and wars, not forcibly fighting… Also, they would stay for longer periods which means that the army would benefit from them more… Additionally, caring for the quality (training and equipment) would strengthen the capabilities of the army during wars.

Practical model
The most important example that the voluntary armies are much stronger than the forced armies, is the war in Iraq in 2003… In the Iraq war, the Iraqi army (the recruited compulsorily) counted more than million combatants, and the total American and the British armed forces (the voluntarily recruited) counted less than half a million combatants… In other words, the Iraqi army counted more than double the foreign armies. Not to mention that the Iraqi army was fighting on its land and in the middle of its own people, in its environment and the weather it is used to, which means that it had many advantages helping it in the war.
But, what happened? America entered Iraq almost without any battle. Whenever the American army got close to a city, the army battalions that are in it surrendered without any war… Simple, because the compulsorily recruited don’t have the valor in wars which the voluntarily recruited have… Even after the American army reached Baghdad, the Iraqi leaders withdrew without a war… All that show us the extent of the effectiveness of the voluntary armies facing the compulsory armies.
But wait, the story hasn’t ended… Do you know who fatigued the American army after they occupied Iraq? It wasn’t the the army compulsorily recruited… It was the volunteers… The resistance which the volunteering youth do, no one forced him on anything, no one made them stand in queues straight and attentive. No one kept on humiliating them telling them that he’s going to teach them manhood… Those youth are the ones to sacrifice their lives in suicide attacks which tired the Americans so much… All that at the time when the compulsorily recruited Iraqi army which was expelled by America from their service, doesn’t know anything except going to demonstrate every now and then in front of the green area, begging from America their salaries which it doesn’t pay in time… Did you see the difference between the advanced armies and the compulsorily recruited armies?
Now, what is the goal of the armies? Is the goal that we would have a strong army so that it enters wars and win them? Or, is the goal to have an army of slogans talking to us about manhood, honor and patriotism, at the time of the war it can’t fight? Do countries make armies to fight and triumph or for slogans such as serving the homeland, the national service and that talk which is not useful at the serious times?

Related links:
* No to Compulsory Military Recruitment - an overview - (page)
* Series of "No To Compulsory Recruitment" articles - Part 1: Conscription System and it’s Legal Framework
* Series of "No To Compulsory Recruitment" articles - Part 2: Why are we Against Conscription?
* Series of “No To Compulsory Recruitment” articles - Part 3: The Unconstitutionality of Conscription
* Series of “No To Compulsory Recruitment” articles - Part 4: Conscientious Objection
* Series of “No To Compulsory Recruitment” articles - Part 6: Summary of our Demands
* Series of “No To Compulsory Recruitment” articles - Part 7: How Can You Help Us

Map for conscription in the world:-
Green: No armed forces
Blue: No enforced conscription
Orange: Plan to abolish conscription in the near future
Red: Conscription (notice that European countries which have conscription don't mistreat recruits and acknowledge conscientious objection to refuse recruitment)

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